Moeller Thermal Magnetic
Circuit Breakers Overview

Thermal Magnetic Circuit Breakers

Full performance up to 50 °C
All circuit-breakers and disconnect switches are designed to
facilitate operation up to an ambient temperature of 50 °C
under full load conditions without need to reduce the rated
current (derate).

A Thermal Magnetic Circuit Breaker consists of:

1.   Reset Button
2.   Movable Contact
3.   Stationary Contact
4.   Line Terminal
5.   Bimetallic  Strip
6.   Mount Release Button
7.   Solenoid Core
8.   Electromagnetic Coil
9.   Load Terminal

Thermal magnetic circuit breakers utilize both the instantaneous trip ability of a magnetic breaker for short circuit currents with the overload tolerance of thermal circuit breakers for normal motor-starting demands.

When the reset button is activated, the movable contact completes the electrical circuit between the stationary contact on the line terminal and the bimetallic strip. The pawl on the strip keeps the contacts engaged. Current then flows from the movable contact through the bimetallic strip to the release arm and into the electromagnetic coil. The coil connects to the terminal supplying power to the load.

There are three ways to trip this circuit breaker.

  1. Prolonged high current flowing through the bimetallic strip creates heat. The strip responds by bending from the heat because of the different coefficients of expansion between the two metals. When it bends enough the pawl releases the movable contact and spring tension snaps the contacts open breaking the circuit.

  2. Trip mechanism uses the electromagnetic coil as a solenoid. When current through the coil is high enough the solenoid core is pulled into the coil, pushing ownwadrd on the metal plate where the bimetallic strip is fastened.

  3.  Trip mechanism places force on the solenoid core by pressing the manual release button.


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